The Purpose of Pharmacy Management Systems

Pharmacies are complex businesses. Even a minor pharmacy in a small town has a substantial amount of responsibility and moving parts. In fact, big pharmacies and mom-and-pop pharmacies a like wouldn’t be possible today without the advent of pharmacy management systems.

What is a Pharmacy Management System?

The pharmacy management systems are a type of computer system, often called a pharmacy computer system. These systems are not a single piece of software but rather a unified collection of components that can be added to and removed from the system on a plug-and-play basis. An essential component of any such framework is the point-of-sale (POS) system, which is similar to the POS found in a grocery or hardware store.

Legal and Ethical Responsibilities:

A pharmacy, however, has important responsibilities that a hardware store or grocery generally does not. A pharmacy, for instance, is charged with ensuring that customers get their prescriptions precisely how they are prescribed by their doctor. Mistakes can result in loss of life. For this reasons, pharmacies seek to limit the opportunity for human error. One of the primary ways they do so is by integrating a prescription dispensing system into pharmacy management systems. A prescription dispensing system is robotic and computerized, and it ensures that the prescription is filled precisely how the doctor ordered it.

Billing of Claims:

The vast majority of money that enters a pharmacy’s coffers comes from insurance companies or Medicare and Medicaid rather than directly from the customer. In this way, a pharmacy is a lot like a health organization, and pharmacy computer systems must integrate that aspect as well. After a prescription is filled, modern systems automatically process and track the insurance claim.

Compliance with Laws and Regulations:

A pharmacy must also comply with all local, state and federal regulations. The pharmacy cannot rely on the medical professionals for compliance because there can be extenuating circumstances in play, such as two separate doctors unknowingly providing a prescription to the same client. A modern pharmacy system will automatically check any request before it is processed, and if that request is in violation of a law or regulation, it will deny it.

Health Care Network:

The modern pharmacy management systems must also be connected to the health care network that provides services to its area and even throughout the country. Imagine a scenario where a pharmacy needs further instruction when filling a prescription for an out-of-state customer. Modern systems ease that burden by automatically providing the pharmacy with all the contact information and alternative contacts that it needs.

The author is having a proper knowledge of automated pharmacy systems which are very useful for the people who want to get complete understanding of the systems.

Frequently Asked Questions About Compounding Pharmacies

If you are facing the need to use a compounding pharmacy for the first time, there’s little doubt that you have questions. Compounding pharmacies are available, but they are not commonly used by most patients. Here are the most frequently asked questions about these pharmacies.

What Is a Compounding Pharmacy?

In essence, this type of pharmacy is one that customizes medications that are not commercially available. Medications are prescribed by a physician, veterinarian, or other medical provider. The medications are then compounded, or put together, by a state-licensed pharmacist. These pharmacies are typically utilized for people and animals that have unique health concerns that commercially available medications cannot address.

Are These Types Of Medications Safe?

You must understand that compounded medications are off-label. This means that the FDA does not approve them. That said, compounded medications are considered safe when put together and sold by reputable pharmacists. Before you order or ask for a compounded medication, ask your doctor to recommend a pharmacist or pharmacy. Not all professionals are skilled in the art of compounding medications.

Why Do I Need This Medication?

There are a variety of reasons why you may need a compounded medication. For example, if your pain management drug is difficult for you to swallow, your pharmacist may suggest a liquid or transdermal version. If you are experiencing sensitivity to an ingredient in your hormone replacement, your doctor may have a medication compounded without that particular ingredient.

Compounded pharmacies also make medications for veterinary patients. Often, flavoring is added or liquid is made in order to increase palatability for a pet.

Where Do Medication Ingredients Come From?

The ingredients that are put into compounded medications come from the same suppliers as the big pharmaceutical companies. These companies are inspected and regulated by the FDA. The ingredients in your compounded medications are considered safe for consumption.

Who Regulates These Pharmacies?

Just like typical pharmacies, compounded pharmacies and pharmacists are licensed at the state level. There is also an entity known as the Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board (PCAB) that has developed national standards that compounding pharmacies must follow.

Does the FDA Inspect Compounding Pharmacies?

The FDA does not inspect compounding pharmacies, but this should not dissuade you from making use of their services. The FDA does not inspect typical pharmacies. The regulation of pharmacies and pharmacists has always been handled by individual states. The FDA does, as has been stated, inspect and regulate the facilities that produce the ingredients that go into these medications.

Compounding pharmacies are on the rise as people become more aware of them. Up until the 20th century, all pharmacies were of the compounding type. It wasn’t until just a century ago that the pharmacies we are used to seeing today arose. If your doctor suggests a compounded medication, you can feel safe in taking it. Follow the same safety protocols as you would with a typical medication, and speak with your doctor should you experience any adverse events.

Emad Yousef is the owner of Trinity Pharmacy. At Trinity Pharmacy, we specialize in compounding customized medications to meet your specific needs, whatever those needs may be. Whether you are in need of quality pain management, customized hormone replacement therapy, dental compounding, or special vet medications for your pets, we have the skill, equipment, and experience required to ensure you get just what the doctor ordered.

Thinking of Becoming a Certified Pharmacy Technician?

he Role of the Technician

Technicians will have different roles depending on the setting in which they are going to be working. In a retail setting they usually perform all of the following:

Assist pharmacists in providing pharmaceutical care
Perform tasks such as computer/data entry,
Medication preparation/selection
Counting and labeling
Refer patient questions regarding medications and drug information to the pharmacist
Handle inventory
Bill insurance carriers

Technicians in a health system pharmacy (such a hospital), could also be responsible for the following:

Reviewing patient charts
Prepare and deliver medications to nursing stations
Perform unit dose packaging
If certified, they can prepare sterile materials such as IV antibiotics and chemotherapy products.

Certification

In the past, the majority of pharmacy technicians were trained on the job after being hired. The problem with this is that on the job training by its very nature is very employer specific and usually limited to the tasks that employer would like you to perform. In most cases, it does not provide the necessary training or background regarding pharmacy practice. Formal education requirements, competency exams and registration with a State Board of Pharmacy is now slowly taking over on the job training. Many states in the USA already have certification requirements to even be eligible for a technician job. It’s only a matter of time until more and more states adopt legislation requiring all pharmacy technicians to receive formal training and to become certified.

Certification Exam

The Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam (PTCE) is an exam administered by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board and is taken upon completion of the pharmacy technician training course. The exam is officially recognized by over 25 individual State Boards of Pharmacy. The exam consists of 100 multiple choice questions and needs to be completed in a 2 hour window. There are three areas of measured competence:

Assisting the pharmacist in serving patients – This is the most comprehensive portion of the exam. In includes material on dispensing prescriptions, distributing medications and collecting/organizing information. You also will need to scan prescriptions for accuracy and validity, perform certain counting tasks and performing certain pharmaceutical calculations. This section of the exam consists of 66% of the total exam material.
Maintaining medication and inventory control systems – This section will test you on knowledge of placing and receiving drug orders, storing drugs correctly and other inventory related questions. This section of the exam consists of 22% of the total exam material.
Knowledge of pharmacy operations – This section will test your knowledge on general pharmacy operations including various workflow based questions, maintaining pharmacy establishments, various legal questions and questions on dispensing and computer management systems. This section consists of 12% of the total exam material.

Career Opportunities

In terms of jobs that don’t require a college degree, being a pharmacy technician is ranked one of the highest in multiple categories. It consistently ranks in the top 100 fastest growing jobs also in the top 100 best jobs without a college degree. The annual job growth rate for technicians is over 25%! So, where are all of these technicians going to work? Retail pharmacy is but one job area that pharmacy technicians can work in such as:

Clinical practice
Compounding
Nuclear medication
Training & Education
Management
Sales
Research & Development
Consulting

The Pharmacy Technician Class

The course itself usually consists of 14-15 classes spanning 7 to 8 weeks. The course is certainly comprehensive! Here is a list of topics that you can expect to learn during the course:

History of pharmacy
Pharmacy law and ethics
Health system pharmacy and technology
Inventory management
Health insurance billing
Compounding and sterile products
Math skills
Dosage calculations, concentrations and dilutions
Alligations
Parental calculations
Dosage formulations and administration
Drug classifications
The different systems of the body

Pharmacy Business Owners: When to Consider Retirement

Will the pharmacy business experience declining profits over the next few years, and if this happens will the local community pharmacy be able to stay in business?

Does it seem that business profits for pharmacy owners are being attacked from every angle? Have you read the articles detailing these points:

• Reimbursements for diabetic testing supplies are being reduced.

• For patients who have recurring monthly prescriptions the government is nudging the public to purchase by mail-order instead of visiting their local pharmacy.

• The multipliers used to calculate reimbursements for Medicaid are expected to be lower than the pharmacy owner’s actual costs.

• Dispensing fees regulated by many state agencies are being reduced.

• The average wholesale price (AWP) paid to drug stores is being trimmed.

The federal government’s Health and Human Services (HHS) negotiates pharmacy reimbursement rates for prescription drugs plans. Many states may take longer to provide the reimbursements. Other federal and state legislation may affect both the profits and the viability of staying in business. There are also issues regarding higher personal taxes and higher capital gain taxes that need to be considered.

Over a number of years many independent drug stores have already been sold. These owners are gone and they are not looking to buyout their local competition. There are fewer young people willing to take the chance of business ownership. Some pharmacies have been closed due to the fact there was not a qualified buyer in the area. National and regional drug store chains have been sold during the past few years. The consolidation of pharmacy industry is seen as an advantage for the buyer, but for the local community pharmacy owner the consolidation provides added uncertainty to their business.

It is expected that in the coming years, if circumstances don’t change, that current pharmacy owners will receive considerably lower purchase prices than their associates did 10 years ago. With the average pharmacy owner closer to the age of 60 than 40, many of the current pharmacy owners will need to take a hard look at their retirement expectations.

When ready for an exit strategy, what does a pharmacy owner do when there are fewer willing buyers? Who will pay them an adequate amount for a business they have spent a life time building?

Pharmacy owners, who do not plan on exiting the pharmacy industry until a few more years, will waiting a year or two really put the most amount of money in the bank for the pharmacy owner’s retirement account? If the business is sold now, can the proceeds be injected into other investments that would offer a higher return? The pharmacy owner should have their accountant calculate some projections, and the pharmacy owner will need to personally keep a diligent eye on any new regulatory proposals. By not being on top of what is affecting the industry, a pharmacy business owner could see a serious impact to the person’s retirement plans.

Pharmacy owners are small business people. Financially they have done well during their career, but most would not categorize themselves as wealthy. The pharmacy is probably the largest asset they will ever own so any consideration of selling the business at the right time should come with a great deal thought.

In a normal flow of transferring a drug store to a new owner, the process typically takes about nine months. This is important for a business owner to understand. To deposit the largest sum of money into the bank for retirement the decision to sell the business cannot be a quick decision, nor should the business be put on auction block for a quick sale. When it is time to consider retirement the appropriate planning needs to take place.

Pharmacy business valuations have been on a decline due to the above issues. If you would like to learn the current value of your pharmacy business please visit: http://www.PharmacyValuations.com.

All About Pharmacy Technician Schools

In many countries today, healthcare industry employment continues even while other industries falter, making a health service job a good choice for anyone considering a new career.

Pharmacy technician jobs are one of the main positions seeing drastic increases with hiring expected to increase as much as 25 percent over the next few years. This is a great opportunity for anyone with good attention to detail to consider a career as a Pharmacy Technician or `PT`, especially since it is possible to complete certification programs at reputable pharmacy technician schools in as little as two years and get into a well-paying job soon afterward.

Different Types of Pharmacy Technician Schools

In the US and Canada, some PT jobs do not require any certification or schooling although most do. Those who have schooling and certification are definitely preferable for positions, however, making schooling something that anyone looking at a career as a PT should consider very seriously.

In all likelihood, more jobs will move toward requiring certification as well, so skipping the education may reduce job hire and advancement opportunity.

Pharmacy Technician education is available in programs that last anywhere from 6 months to two years or more, depending on the depth of training.

Like many other medical training and technical programs, the shorter programs give a basic, fundamental overview of what to expect on the job and general education relating to basic pharmacology, pharmacology law, pharmacology records, inventory, labeling, ordering and many other relevant topics to working in a retail pharmacy environment.

Courses and diploma programs

Students that attend the shorter programs usually earn a Pharmacy Technician Certificate for completion of the program, but have no actual approved certifications.

Longer courses offered by schools include specialized diploma programs and Associates Degree courses that last between about 12 months to 24 months.

Diploma programs are great for students who already have some healthcare service experience and want to move into a position as a PT, as well as those entering the field new.

Study usually includes all that is mentioned above, plus pharmacology in more detail, dosage calculation, mixing medications and others, and usually includes an externship to prepare students to take the certification exam. Students completing a diploma course and passing their certification exam will earn the title of Certified Pharmacy Technician or CPhT.

Associates in Health Sciences with a PT specialty takes two years and is recommended for any individual if there is an interest in both obtaining a college degree, and being able to advance the fastest in their career.

Courses of study are much more in depth and include additional medical subjects. Externships are a required part of the curriculum, as is passing the certification examination. Those with their CPhT and an AS degree stand the best chance of being hired in non-retail pharmacy technician positions, and starting at the highest salaries.

Accredited vocational program

In the UK and many other countries a pharmacy technician is required to complete both an accredited vocational program in pharmacy services and a pharmaceutical science program, and must be registered with numerous UK healthcare organizations.

Courses of study include that which is mentioned above, as well as medicines management for patients and training in running and assisting in hospital clinics and more.

Please note however, in the UK there is a difference between a pharmacy technician and a pharmacy dispenser, with the former having more vocational and educational requirements.

Interested individuals are advised to contact local professional organizations in order to get additional details about attending school to become a PT such as which are the best courses and whether they offer job placement and financial aid.

In the US, contact the American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPA) or the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB), in the UK contact the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPC) and in Canada the Canadian Association of Pharmacy Technicians (CAPT) to name a few.

Employment After Attending PT Schools

There are actually many more employment opportunities for PTs than most people assume. While the majority of jobs are in retail pharmacy positions there are much more specialized career options for pharmacy techs with the right training.

Hospitals, medication manufacturing and packing companies, medication compounding pharmacies, nursing homes, psychiatric facilities and any type of medical facility that either fills medication prescriptions or dispenses medications directly to patients make use of pharmacy technicians.

These positions can be very rewarding, and tend to pay more as well. Certain qualified technicians also have the ability to counsel consumers and patients on the use of their medications, as well as answer medication questions.

In any case, attending schools that offer the most detailed training and externships, and prepare students to become Certified Pharmacy Technicians are highly recommended for anyone interested in a career in healthcare services that pays well and offers plenty of room for advancement.

Getting involved in Healthcare is a fantastic career move, For more information on healthcare schools like PTA schools [http://webhampton.com/physcial-therapy-assistant-schools/] or for general advice please visit our site now [http://webhampton.com/]

Taking A Pharmacy Technician Test

In order to reap the benefits of a well-paid position as a pharmacy technician or `PT`, individuals are recommended to attend a qualified PT program or obtain a 2-year Associates’ degree with emphasis on becoming a pharmacy tech.

With that education, program attendees and college graduates can easily take the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam and earn their CPhT, which will help ensure their access to the best employment positions and not only basic retail positions.

About the Pharmacy Technician Test in the US

US PTs who pass the PT Certification Exam will earn their CPhT (Certified Pharmacy Technician), which makes them available for employment by one of the increasing numbers of facilities that are requiring certification for pharmacy techs.

Comprised of multiple-choice questions, the PCTE is a computerized exam given in one sitting at numerous testing locations, with a time allotment of 110 minutes to complete it.

Of those questions, 66% of the test covers assisting pharmacists in serving patients, 22% covers medication control and inventory and 12% covers pharmacy management and administration.

The purpose of these questions is to determine an examinee’s knowledge of the pharmacy industry, their role as an assistant and other important topics that are essential when working as a pharmacy tech.

Those who pass the exam receive the certification of CPhT. Those who do not pass the exam may re-test up to three more times. In order to take the PCTE exam again, a period of 60 days must pass between each attempt; 6 months must pass before the last re-test will be permitted. Currently, the cost of taking the exam is $129 USD each time.

Additionally, the National Healthcare Association offers a PT test as well, which also awards those who pass with the certification of CPhT. There is no difference in certification received; both exams offer the same qualifications.

About the Pharmacy Technician Test in the UK

In the UK, the General Pharmaceutical Council maintains a registration of all qualified individuals working in the pharmacy profession including technicians, as well as monitors all educational programs that provide qualifications in which technicians can become registered with the GPC.

Those looking to become GPC registered must complete specific educational and professional training in order to qualify. They must possess four GSCEs that are grade C or higher and must include math, science, English, and one other course, as well as have either completed a 2 year GPhC accredited pharmacy technician course or have accrued 2 years worth of GPhC approved, job-related experience.

They must also complete one of the following three certification groupings as follows: a) Level 3 NVQ in Pharmacy Service AND Level 3 Diploma Pharmaceutical Science,

b) Level 3 NVQ in Pharmacy Service AND BTEC National Diploma Pharmaceutical Science,

or c) National Certificate Pharmaceutical Science, National Certificate Pharmaceutical Services,

Level 3 SVQ Pharmacy Services AND Level 3 SVQ/Level 6 SCQF Pharmacy Services (all four qualifications).

One of these three choices, with the work experience requirement fulfilled as well, are necessary to become a Registered Pharmacy Technician under the GPC.

More detailed information about taking the PHTC PT Test – including study guides, tutorials and practice tests – can be found on the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board’s website.

Additionally, all certifications and qualifications have specific requirements for continuing education and professional development, as most healthcare industry professions do.

Continuing education accredited courses and information is also available at these sites. Information differs depending on country and region, but today most countries either require – or recommend – certification of all PTs via educational programs and work experience or externship.

Although it may seem like there is a lot involved with obtaining the highest certifications for a pharmacy technician, taking the pharmacy technician test in order to earn the title of CPhT, Pharmacy Technician or other qualified title is recommended.

While it is possible for individuals to take the required testing on just work experience alone, passing is harder to do without the educational background typically given by any of the recognized or accredited programs or college courses designed to help students take, and pass, these exams.

Only by having the necessary certifications will a pharmacy tech be able to obtain a more diverse, advanced and high-paying position.

Getting involved in Healthcare is a fantastic career move, For more information on healthcare tests and certification like PTA Certification [http://webhampton.com/physical-therapy-assistant-certification/] or for general advice please visit our site now [http://webhampton.com/]

Many Different Types of Pharmacy Technician Jobs

It is estimated that there are hundreds of thousands of pharmacy technician jobs today, and that number is expected to increase by 25 percent over the next 5 to 10 years.

Working as a pharmacy technician or `PT` is one of the best jobs with which to enter the healthcare services industry without having a medical degree, and can be a very satisfying position with much room for advancement.

Depending on a person’s education and job experience it is possible to move into a variety of specialized employment positions with their qualifications, as there is much more to the job than simple retail sales at a drugstore or chemists.

Different Pharmacy Technician Jobs

Retail – This is the most known setting and position for most PTs. Technicians who are employed by retail pharmacy stores do a variety of jobs, which start with assisting the Registered Pharmacist or PharmD on duty but generally expand to many other duties that are typical in any retail environment.

Techs will count and prepare medications, do record keeping, inventory, ordering, stocking, insurance billing and records, and much more depending on the establishment and the need to do other tasks as well.

Depending on qualification and certification, sometimes pharmacy techs in a retail setting are also able to counsel consumers on the use of their prescribed medication as well. It is possible to obtain a job as a PT without any specialized education or training although more and more employers are beginning to require one or the other, or sometimes both.

Hospital – Every hospital has a pharmacy from where both outpatient prescriptions can be filled and inpatient medications are dispensed.

Working under the Pharmacist on duty, pharmacy technicians in a hospital setting are usually responsible for stocking, delivering and recording all medications that need to go to the different hospital departments, specially compounding medications for patients in the hospital and taking care of any and all medication requests throughout the hospital from other staff.

Knowing all hospital regulations in regard to the dispensing and handling of medications is a detailed yet essential part of the job as is being able to keep concise records for billing, inventory and legal purposes.

In-patient Care Facilities – Numerous types of inpatient care facilities such as rehabilitation centers, psychiatric hospitals and other facilities keep their own pharmacies as well, and require technicians to assist the Pharmacist on duty.

Pharmacy technician jobs usually entail inventory, stocking, ordering and recording of medications, preparing medication doses for patients, delivering daily medication doses to nursing stations, and most of the duties mentioned above as in any other hospital. Once again, record keeping and regulations are an extremely important part of the job for billing, inventory and legal purposes.

Medication Compounding – Certain pharmacies do not sell directly to the public, but instead create special medication mixes – called compounds – for other pharmacies and facilities.

In a compounding pharmacy, technicians are required to work under the supervision and guidance of the Pharmacist on duty in mixing medications as required by special orders, bulk orders for hospitals and facilities and other requests. Generally this work also involves great detail in record keeping, interpreting prescriptions, medication labeling and medication packing and shipping.

Obtaining Pharmacy Technician Jobs

The best way to get a job as a PT is to complete a training and education program for pharmacy techs. There are many of these programs available today lasting anywhere from 6 months to get a course certificate and basic education for a retail pharmacy setting to up to 2 years or more to become certified as a pharmacy technician and be able to advance to some of the more detailed positions mentioned above.

The best way to find out about schooling and any career requirements is to contact any local pharmacy technicians’ professional organizations in order to get recommendations and learn more about the career as a whole.

In most cases, those who have been to school should be able to get pharmacy technician jobs quite easily as it seems there is a constant and growing need for good, certified pharmacy technicians.

While qualifications do differ depending on state, region and country, in general it seems as though there are always positions available as the profession continues to grow and pharmacy technicians continue to get more and more responsibilities under their specialty.

Getting involved in Healthcare is a fantastic career move, please visit our site now [http://webhampton.com/]

Become a Pharmacy Technician and Join the Booming Health Care Industry

The health care industry has been one of the fastest growing industries in the U.S. for almost two decades, and there is no sign of a slowdown. When you consider demographic factors such as the baby boomer generation continuing to age, and the Affordable Care Act is projected to give nearly 20 million Americans access to the health care system, together with the fact that pharmaceutical industry is constantly developing new and more effective medications, continued growth in the health care industry is a given.

Positions for pharmacy technicians are expected to increase by 32 percent between 2010 and 2020, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This means that around 100,000 new jobs will be added by 2020 to the 350,000 already employed as pharmacy techs in 2012.

Pharmacy Technician Training

A high school diploma is generally required to become a pharmacy technician, and employers typically prefer candidates with some post-secondary education, ideally a pharmacy technician certificate. A few employers will hire inexperienced persons and train on the job, but most pharmacists prefer to hire pharmacy techs who have already been through a formal training program.

The training programs can be found at vocational schools and community colleges, many with online education options. These programs typically take six to 12 months and include classes in the math used in pharmacies, recordkeeping and bookkeeping, dispensing medications, sanitation and safety, as well as pharmacy law. The technicians are required to learn the names, actions, uses and doses of common medications.

Certification and Licensing

Certification is attestation to your skills and knowledge in pharmacy technology by an independent third party organization. Two national organizations offer pharmacy tech certification: The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board and the National Healthcareer Association. Both certifications require graduating from an accredited training program and passing a comprehensive exam covering all aspects of pharmacy technology.

Nearly all states require some form of licensing or registration for pharmacy technicians. A few states just require a high school diploma and a background check for registration; other states require graduation from a formal training program, a background check and passing a comprehensive exam to become licensed as a pharmacy tech.

Pharmacy Tech Pay and Prospects

The BLS reports that pharmacy technicians earned a median salary of $29,320 in 2012. Those employed at outpatient care centers earned the most, taking home an average salary of $38,750 in 2012. Those, who work in doctor’s offices and at college and university health centers are also on the high end of the pay scale, both averaging around $37,000. Techs working for department stores are at the lower end of the salary scale, only averaging $27,750 in 2012.

The sky is the limit in terms of career advancement for pharmacy techs. Given the great demand for pharmacy techs, pharmacists are going to be looking out for up-and-comers to promote to more responsible position. Some technicians enjoy working in the industry so much they decide to go back to school to become a pharmacist. Earning your Pharm.D.would likely requires at least an additional five to six years of education, but your reward is a tripling of your earning power (pharmacist median salary of $116,670 in 2012).

Pharmacy Schools in Texas: Seven Great Choices in the Great State

Pharmacy schools are opening all over the country, and the great state of Texas is included in this boom. Pharmacology is a great career option and a growing field. The medical field is one sector that rarely shows an employment decline, even in a bad economy. The influx of pharmacology schools reflects the high demand for pharmacists, a well-respected and high paying job. Students in Texas who are considering careers in pharmacology are fortunate to have a variety of choices. Pharmacology schools can be difficult to get into, and students looking to get into pharmacy schools in Texas have seven different choices.

Texas A&M Health Science Center Irma Lerma Rangel College of Pharmacy – This school is located on the College’s Kingsville Campus. This school was created in response to a shortage of pharmacists in the border region.
Texas Southern University College of Pharmacy and Health Services – Located in Houston, this facility offers Doctor of Pharmacology degrees, as well as many other types of Health Services degrees.
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Pharmacy – This Pharmacy School in Texas is a large research facility.
University of Houston College of Pharmacy – The Houston based Pharmacy School offers several different degrees, and also the opportunity for post-doctoral research fellowships.
University of the Incarnate Word Feik School of Pharmacy – This private Catholic university in San Antonio offers a new Doctor of Pharmacy program.
University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy – This new pharmacy program is the first where future pharmacists will be educated beside future physicians.
University of Texas College of Pharmacy – In 2008, US News and World Report ranked this school among the elite programs of Pharmacology Education in the United States.

Apply Early

If you are hoping to get into one of these pharmacy schools in Texas, it is recommended that you apply early. Competition is fierce for admission, and the earlier you apply, the better. It is also recommended that you apply to more than one school. Admissions are selective, and if you are not able to get into one of these fine schools, you have a chance of being accepted by another. If you only apply to one school and are not accepted, you will have to wait a full year before you are able to apply again.

So you can see that if you are looking at Pharmacy Schools in Texas, you have a variety of excellent college choices, and you would be lucky to get into any one of them. The growing profession of pharmacology is a demanding and worthwhile career. Pharmacists have a great deal of responsibility, and the pay reflects that. Pharmacists can find work in hospitals, drug stores, or retail and grocery stores which have a pharmacy. Specialty compounding pharmacies also employ pharmacists. This growing field is mirrored in the growing number of pharmacy schools which is spring up all over America. In the great state of Texas, you have seven great choices of pharmacy school.

You may also want to check out Pharmacy Schools in Texas [http://www.pharmacyschoolsintexas.com] for more detailed information and guidelines.

Are Compounding Pharmacies Safe?

Compounding pharmacies work to create pharmaceutical products which are specifically designed to fit the unique needs of each patient. They specialise in preparing and dispensing bespoke pharmaceutical products to patients who cannot or do not want to (for whatever reason) take standard, mass produced medication. Many consumers are turning to these pharmacies because they have previously had problems with standard prescription drugs.

Because the compounded prescription medications that they sell are different from those that are already available on the rest of the market, some consumers may be worried about whether or not using a compounding pharmacy is safe. However, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have stated that compounding is perfectly legal and ethical so long as the pharmacy is fully licensed and the pharmacist who carried out the compounding is also fully trained and licensed.

Because of the potential health implications associated with all medicinal drugs, compounding pharmaceuticals is a heavily regulated business, and the FDA and individual state boards of pharmacy have introduced strict guidelines to help ensure that customers and patients using these compounding pharmacies should remain safe. All bulk drug substances that are used in these types of pharmacies should be on an approved-list of substances that it is legal and safe to compound with. Any previously marketed substances which have been proven to be ineffective or unsafe do not make the approved-list of substances suitable for compounding. Pharmacists are not supposed to compound with any substance that is not on the approved-list. Although many states do not require practices to report any newly discovered side-effects associated with compounded drugs, ethical pharmacies will voluntarily report them.

The compounding pharmacy itself is also subject to strict guidelines, as well as the substances that they compound with. The pharmacy must meet high quality control standards and each individual laboratory must meet strict facility guidelines, to ensure safety and consistency in each batch of drugs produced. Pharmacies in America are regulated by individual “state boards of pharmacy”, and therefore each state has slightly different sets of regulations. It is possible to check with the board of pharmacy in your state if you are still unsure. Inspectors from the state board will carry out regular checks on licensed pharmacies and random sampling checks may be carried out on batches of drugs that are being dispensed to check the safety and potency.

Pharmacists who practice in compounding pharmacies are heavily regulated as well. They must be fully trained and licensed in order to dispense medicine that they have compounded, so that they are able to fully understand the drugs that they are making.

If you still have doubts, you can contact your chosen pharmacy and they will be able to explain the standards, testing and quality control exercises that are used by their practice in order to ensure the safety of their customers. If you are in any doubt, you do not have to use that pharmacy. Remember that it is the interest of pharmacies to ensure that their products are safe, legal, ethical and effective.